German Statistical Office (Destatis): 42.6 million persons resident in Germany were in employment in 2014, 0.9 % increase on a year earlier

WIESBADEN, 07-1-2015 — /EuropaWire/ — In 2014, an average 42.6 million persons resident in Germany were in employment, which was an increase of 372,000 or 0.9 % on a year earlier. According to first provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), the increase in employment was higher in 2014 than in 2013 when the number of persons in employment rose by 247,000 or 0.6%. At the same time, employment in Germany reached a record high for the eighth time in a row in 2014. Both net immigration of foreign labour and a generally higher inclination towards workforce participation are expected to have contributed to this development, too.

As provisional estimates based on the labour force survey show, the number of unemployed people (according to the internationally comparable definition) in Germany declined by 77,000 (–3.5%) to just over 2.1 million on an annual average in 2014, year on year. The active labour force available in the labour market, defined as the total of persons in employment and unemployed persons, increased by 295,000 (+0.7%) to 44.7 million in the same period. The unemployment rate, which represents unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, was down from 4.9% to 4.7%, as calculated on this basis. This shows that Germany is still affected to a lesser extent by unemployment than all other EU Member States.

Especially employees benefit from the sustained positive development of the German labour market. The number of employees resident in Germany increased by 424,000 (+1.1%) to 38.2 million on an annual average in 2014. However, the number of self-employed including family workers decreased by 52,000 (–1.2%) to 4.4 million in the same period.

According to the first provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany amounted to 42.7 million on an annual average in 2014. This was an increase of 371,000 (+0.9%) compared with a year earlier. The difference between the number of persons in employment who are resident in Germany and the number of those whose place of employment is in Germany can be explained by the balance of non-residents working in Germany and residents working abroad. On an annual average in 2014, the number of non-residents working in Germany was by 54,000 higher than the number of residents working abroad, according to first provisional calculations. The surplus of non-residents working in the country was only slightly lower (by 1,000 people) than the annual average of 2013.

Compared with a year earlier, employment was higher in nearly all economic sectors in 2014. In the service sector, the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany wasup by 324,000 (+1.0%) on an annual average in 2014. The largest employment gains within the service sector were recorded for public services, education, health (+112,000 persons in employment or +1.1%), followed by trade, transport, accommodation and food services (+99,000 people or +1.0%) and business services (+88,000 people or +1.6%). In 2014, employment gains were also recorded for the producing sectors. In industry (excluding construction), the number of persons in employment in 2014 was up by 20,000 (+0.2%) and in construction by an average 17,000 (+0.7%). In agriculture and forestry, fisheries, the number of persons in employment increased by 10,000 (+1.5%) on an annual average in 2014.

Labour force, unemployed persons and persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany 1

Year Labour force Unemployed
persons 2
Residents in employment
total employees self-employed 3
1 Annual averages.
2 Results of the labour force survey (microcensus) according to the labour force concept of the International Labour Organization (ILO); persons in households aged 15 to 74 years.
3 Including unpaid family workers.
Persons in 1,000
1991 41,023 2,172 38,851 35,288 3,563
2004 43,345 4,127 39,218 34,960 4,258
2005 43,726 4,506 39,220 34,810 4,410
2006 43,663 4,104 39,559 35,076 4,483
2007 43,732 3,473 40,259 35,732 4,527
2008 43,823 3,018 40,805 36,302 4,503
2009 43,943 3,098 40,845 36,360 4,485
2010 43,804 2,821 40,983 36,496 4,487
2011 43,921 2,399 41,522 36,976 4,546
2012 44,203 2,224 41,979 37,435 4,544
2013 44,408 2,182 42,226 37,769 4,457
2014 44,703 2,105 42,598 38,193 4,405
Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year
2004 1.1 8.3 0.4 0.0 3.3
2005 0.9 9.2 0.0 –0.4 3.6
2006 –0.1 –8.9 0.9 0.8 1.7
2007 0.2 –15.4 1.8 1.9 1.0
2008 0.2 –13.1 1.4 1.6 –0.5
2009 0.3 2.7 0.1 0.2 –0.4
2010 –0.3 –8.9 0.3 0.4 0.0
2011 0.3 –15.0 1.3 1.3 1.3
2012 0.6 –7.3 1.1 1.2 –0.0
2013 0.5 –1.9 0.6 0.9 –1.9
2014 0.7 –3.5 0.9 1.1 –1.2

 

Persons in employment whose place of employment is in Germany,by economic sector 1

Year Persons in
employment,
total
Agriculture,
forestry
and
fishing
Industry,
including
energy
Construction Service
activities 2
1 Annual averages.
2 Trade, hotel and restaurant services, transport, financial, renting and business activities, other service activities.
Persons in 1,000
2004 39,337 690 7,950 2,357 28,340
2005 39,326 668 7,818 2,277 28,563
2006 39,635 653 7,734 2,273 28,975
2007 40,325 667 7,839 2,312 29,507
2008 40,856 670 8,022 2,300 29,864
2009 40,892 667 7,844 2,312 30,069
2010 41,020 661 7,705 2,331 30,323
2011 41,570 669 7,850 2,376 30,675
2012 42,033 666 7,991 2,410 30,966
2013 42,281 646 8,008 2,430 31,197
2014 42,652 656 8,028 2,447 31,521
Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year
2004 0.3 –0.7 –1.4 –3.2 1.2
2005 –0.0 –3.2 –1.7 –3.4 0.8
2006 0.8 –2.2 –1.1 –0.2 1.4
2007 1.7 2.1 1.4 1.7 1.8
2008 1.3 0.4 2.3 –0.5 1.2
2009 0.1 –0.4 –2.2 0.5 0.7
2010 0.3 –0.9 –1.8 0.8 0.8
2011 1.3 1.2 1.9 1.9 1.2
2012 1.1 –0.4 1.8 1.4 0.9
2013 0.6 –3.0 0.2 0.8 0.7
2014 0.9 1.5 0.2 0.7 1.0
Percentage shares of the economic sectors in the total number of persons in employment
1991 100 3.0 28.3 7.4 61.3
2004 100 1.8 20.2 6.0 72.0
2005 100 1.7 19.9 5.8 72.6
2006 100 1.6 19.5 5.7 73.1
2007 100 1.7 19.4 5.7 73.2
2008 100 1.6 19.6 5.6 73.1
2009 100 1.6 19.2 5.7 73.5
2010 100 1.6 18.8 5.7 73.9
2011 100 1.6 18.9 5.7 73.8
2012 100 1.6 19.0 5.7 73.7
2013 100 1.5 18.9 5.7 73.8
2014 100 1.5 18.8 5.7 73.9

Detailed data and long time series on persons in employment and unemployed persons are available from the tables Erwerbstätige (81000-0015) andErwerbspersonen inklusive Erwerbslose (81000-0011) in the GENESIS-Online database.

The current data and brief methodological notes regarding the calculation of employment and unemployment figures are available on the Destatis website.

>> Brief methodological description employment

>> Brief methodological description hours worked

For further information:
Stephan Lüken,
tel. +49 611 75 2016,
contact form

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