Destatis: in 2018 there were roughly 44.8 million persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany

Number of persons in employment up 1.3% year on year

WIESBADEN, 02-Jan-2019 — /EuropaWire/ — On an annual average in 2018, there were roughly 44.8 million persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany. According to first provisional calculations of the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), the number of persons in employment in 2018 was higher by 562,000, or 1.3%, than a year earlier. In 2017, the relevant increase was 1.4%. On the whole, the employment increase observed for 13 years continued. Higher labour force participation of the domestic population and the immigration of foreign workers offset negative demographic effects, so that the number of persons in employment in 2018 was the highest since German reunification in 1991.

Service sector contributed most to absolute growth
In 2018, the service sector recorded the highest year-on-year increase in the number of persons in employment whose place of employment was in Germany. The relevant number increased by 384,000, or 1.2%, compared with a year earlier. The largest absolute employment gains were recorded for public services, education, health (+190,000 persons in employment or +1.7%), followed by trade, transport, accommodation and food services (+96,000 or +1.0%) and business services (+55,000 or +0.9%). In industry (excluding construction), the number of persons in employment increased by an above-average 139,000 (+1.7%) in 2018. While the increase amounted to 37,000 in construction (+1.5%), it was 2,000 in agriculture, forestry and fishing (+0.3%).

More employees, fewer self-employed
The main reason for the positive development of the German labour market was the increased number of employees which, on an annual average, was up by 638,000 (+1.6%) to over 40 million for the first time in 2018. The number of employees subject to social insurance contributions increased again, whereas the total of marginally employed people (including persons in marginal or short-term employment) continued to decrease. The number of self-employed including family workers decreased by 76,000 (-1.8%) to 4.22 million in the same period. A smaller number of self-employed people was last recorded in 2003 (4.12 million).

Continued decline in the number of unemployed
As provisional estimates based on the labour force survey show, the number of unemployed people (according to the internationally comparable definition) in Germany declined by 130,000 (-8.0%) to just under 1.5 million on an annual average in 2018, year on year. The active labour force available in the labour market, defined as the total of persons in employment and unemployed persons, increased by 422,000 (+0.9%) to 46.2 million in the same period. The unemployment rate, which represents unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force, was down from 3.5% in the previous year to 3.2%.

Persons in employment whose place of employment is in Germany,
by economic sector 1
Year Persons in
employment,
total
Agriculture,
forestry
and fishing
Industry,
including energy
Construction Service
activities 2
1 Annual averages.
2 Trade, hotel and restaurant services, transport, financial, renting and business activities, other service activities.
Persons in 1,000
2005 39,326 668 7,818 2,277 28,563
2006 39,635 653 7,734 2,273 28,975
2007 40,325 667 7,839 2,312 29,507
2008 40,856 670 8,022 2,300 29,864
2009 40,892 667 7,844 2,312 30,069
2010 41,020 661 7,705 2,331 30,323
2011 41,577 670 7,854 2,376 30,677
2012 42,061 667 7,994 2,412 30,988
2013 42,319 641 8,022 2,427 31,229
2014 42,671 649 8,069 2,436 31,517
2015 43,071 637 8,084 2,427 31,923
2016 43,642 619 8,111 2,451 32,461
2017 44,269 616 8,196 2,490 32,967
2018 44,831 618 8,335 2,527 33,351
Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year
2005 0.0 -3.2 -1.7 -3.4 0.8
2006 0.8 -2.2 -1.1 -0.2 1.4
2007 1.7 2.1 1.4 1.7 1.8
2008 1.3 0.4 2.3 -0.5 1.2
2009 0.1 -0.4 -2.2 0.5 0.7
2010 0.3 -0.9 -1.8 0.8 0.8
2011 1.4 1.4 1.9 1.9 1.2
2012 1.2 -0.4 1.8 1.5 1.0
2013 0.6 -3.9 0.4 0.6 0.8
2014 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.9
2015 0.9 -1.8 0.2 -0.4 1.3
2016 1.3 -2.8 0.3 1.0 1.7
2017 1.4 -0.5 1.0 1.6 1.6
2018 1.3 0.3 1.7 1.5 1.2
Percentage shares of the economic sectors in the total number of persons in employment
1991 100 3,0 28,3 7,4 61,3
2005 100 1,7 19,9 5,8 72,6
2010 100 1,6 18,8 5,7 73,9
2011 100 1,6 18,9 5,7 73,8
2012 100 1,6 19,0 5,7 73,7
2013 100 1,5 19,0 5,7 73,8
2014 100 1,5 18,9 5,7 73,9
2015 100 1,5 18,8 5,6 74,1
2016 100 1,4 18,6 5,6 74,4
2017 100 1,4 18,5 5,6 74,5
2018 100 1,4 18,6 5,6 74,4
Labour force, unemployed persons and persons in employment whose place of residence is in Germany 1
Year Labour force Unemployed
persons 2
Residents in employment
total employees self-employed 3
1 Annual averages.
2 Results of the labour force survey (microcensus) according to the labour force concept of the International Labour Organization (ILO); persons in households aged 15 to 74 years.
3 Including unpaid family workers.
Persons in 1,000
1991 41,023 2,172 38,851 35,288 3,563
2004 43,345 4,127 39,218 34,960 4,258
2005 43,726 4,506 39,220 34,810 4,410
2006 43,663 4,104 39,559 35,076 4,483
2007 43,732 3,473 40,259 35,732 4,527
2008 43,823 3,018 40,805 36,302 4,503
2009 43,943 3,098 40,845 36,360 4,485
2010 43,804 2,821 40,983 36,496 4,487
2011 43,933 2,399 41,534 36,971 4,563
2012 44,230 2,224 42,006 37,446 4,560
2013 44,439 2,182 42,257 37,791 4,466
2014 44,697 2,090 42,607 38,194 4,413
2015 44,943 1,950 42,993 38,633 4,360
2016 45,324 1,774 43,550 39,216 4,334
2017 45,776 1,621 44,155 39,861 4,294
2018 46,198 1,491 44,707 40,489 4,218
Change in % on the corresponding period of the previous year
2004 1.1 8.3 0.4 0.0 3.3
2005 0.9 9.2  0.0 -0.4 3.6
2006 -0.1 -8.9 0.9 0.8 1.7
2007 0.2 -15.4 1.8 1.9 1.0
2008 0.2 -13.1 1.4 1.6 -0.5
2009 0.3 2.7 0.1 0.2 -0.4
2010 -0.3 -8.9 0.3 0.4 0.0
2011 0.3 -15.0 1.3 1.3 1.7
2012 0.7 -7.3 1.1 1.3 -0.1
2013 0.5 -1.9 0.6 0.9 -2.1
2014 0.6 -4.2 0.8 1.1 -1.2
2015 0.6 -6.7 0.9 1.1 -1.2
2016 0.8 -9.0 1.3 1.5 -0.6
2017 1.0 -8.6 1.4 1.6 -0.9
2018 0.9 -8.0 1.3 1.6 -1.8

Detailed data and long time series on persons in employment and unemployed persons are available from the tables persons in employment (81000-0015) and on the labour force including unemployed persons (81000-0011) in the GENESISOnline database.

The current data and brief methodological notes regarding the calculation of employment and unemployment figures are available on the Destatis website.

For further information:
tel. +49 (0) 611 / 75 33 78,
tel. +49 (0) 611 / 75 26 33,
contact form

SOURCE: Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis)

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