Ghent, Belgium, 12-6-2014 — /EuropaWire/ — Researchers at VIB and Ghent University have unraveled the mechanism of necroptosis. This is a type of cell death that plays a crucial role in numerous diseases such as viral infections, multiple sclerosis, acute heart failure and organ transplantation. This knowledge enables a targeted search for new drugs.
Many diseases are associated with dying cells. That is why understanding the cell death process is essential for the search for new medications. In necroptosis cell death the cell explodes, as it were, and the cell content is released. This causes inflammatory reactions in the surrounding tissue.
Prior research shows that necroptosis occurs with a number of diseases, including viral infections, septic shock, detached retina, loss of auditory nerve cells, multiple sclerosis, acute heart failure, stroke, kidney failure and organ transplant complications. It also occurs in the presence of bad blood circulation and oxygen deficiency in the extremities or organs such as with atherosclerosis or type II diabetes.
Researchers Yves Dondelinger and Peter Vandenabeele discovered that the cellular explosion during necroptosis is paired with the formation of pores consisting of MLKL proteins. These MLKL pores are formed on the cell surface and cause the cells to absorb too much water. Because of this the cells ultimately explode. Detailed knowledge about how MLKL proteins create pores offers possibilities for developing medications for combatting or tolerating cell death by preventing or temporarily blocking this process.
The research was published in the illustrious magazine Cell Reports (edition 7, 1–11, 22 May 2014):
MLKL Compromises Plasma Membrane Integrity by Binding to Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates.
Yves Dondelinger, Wim Declercq, Sylvie Montessuit, Ria Roelandt, Amanda Goncalves, Inge Bruggeman, Paco Hulpiau, Kathrin Weber, Clark A. Sehon, Robert W. Marquis, John Bertin, Peter J. Gough, Savvas Savvides, Jean-Claude Martinou, Mathieu J.M. Bertrand, and Peter Vandenabeele.